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Challenge Specifications

Please download the data from the syllogistic reasoning tasks. Based on the data, you can program a MPT model to fit the participant's response pattern. Keep in mind to construct the model allowing for flexibility concerning the amount of premises (e.g. 'immediate inferences' or 3 premises).


Remarks on the data

  • Experiment: Experiment specification regarding the paper. 
  • Participants: Number of participants. 
  • Age group: Younger or older than 18.
  • Domain: Context of the premises' content. 
  • Number of Syllogisms: Total number of tested syllogisms in the experiment. 
  • Type: Aristotelian classification of the syllogisms. 
  • premise 1: Respective quantifier in the first premise. 
  • premise 2Respective quantifier in the second premise. 
  • A: Answer with 'all'
  • EAnswer with 'none'
  • IAnswer with 'some'
  • OAnswer with 'some not'
  • N: None
  • MiscAny answer irregularities such as not answered.
  • ...(percentage): Percentage of participants giving the respective answer.
  • ...(absolute): Absolute amount  of participants giving the respective answer.

Benchmark articles

  • Bara, B. G., Bucciarelli, M., & Johnson-Laird, P. N. (1995). Development of syllogistic reasoning. The American Journal of Psychology, 157-193.
  • Johnson-Laird, P. N., & Bara, B. G. (1984). Syllogistic inference. Cognition16(1), 1-61.
  • Johnson-Laird, P. N., & Steedman, M. (1978). The psychology of syllogisms. Cognitive psychology10(1), 64-99.
  • Roberts, M. J., Newstead, S. E., & Griggs, R. A. (2001). Quantifier interpretation and syllogistic reasoning. Thinking & Reasoning7(2), 173-204.